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Caribbean and Organization of American States African Diaspora Affairs

Specialized agencies

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Specialized agencies

Main article: List of specialized agencies of the United Nations

The UN Charter stipulates that each primary organ of the United Nations can establish various specialized agencies to fulfil its duties.[114] Some best-known agencies are the International Atomic Energy Agency, the Food and Agriculture OrganizationUNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization), the World Bank, and the World Health Organization (WHO). The UN performs most of its humanitarian work through these agencies. Examples include mass vaccination programmes (through WHO), the avoidance of famine and malnutrition (through the work of the WFP), and the protection of vulnerable and displaced people (for example, by UNHCR).

Organizations and specialized agencies of the United Nations
No. Acronym Agency Headquarters Head Established in
1 FAO Food and Agriculture Organization  RomeItaly  Qu Dongyu 1945
2 IAEA International Atomic Energy Agency  ViennaAustria  Rafael Grossi 1957
3 ICAO International Civil Aviation Organization  Montreal, QuebecCanada  Fang Liu 1947
4 IFAD International Fund for Agricultural Development  RomeItaly  Gilbert Houngbo 1977
5 ILO International Labour Organization  GenevaSwitzerland  Guy Ryder 1946 (1919)
6 IMO International Maritime Organization  LondonUnited Kingdom  Kitack Lim 1948
7 IMF International Monetary Fund  Washington, D.C.United States  Kristalina Georgieva 1945 (1944)
8 ITU International Telecommunication Union  GenevaSwitzerland  Houlin Zhao 1947 (1865)
9 UNESCO United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization  ParisFrance  Audrey Azoulay 1946
10 UNIDO United Nations Industrial Development Organization  ViennaAustria  Li Yong 1967
11 UNWTO World Tourism Organization  MadridSpain  Zurab Pololikashvili 1974
12 UPU Universal Postal Union  BernSwitzerland  Bishar Abdirahman Hussein 1947 (1874)
13 WBG World Bank Group  Washington, D.C.United States  David Malpass (President) 1945 (1944)
14 WFP World Food Programme  RomeItaly  David Beasley 1963
15 WHO World Health Organization  GenevaSwitzerland  Tedros Adhanom 1948
16 WIPO World Intellectual Property Organization  GenevaSwitzerland  Francis Gurry 1974
17 WMO World Meteorological Organization  GenevaSwitzerland  Petteri Taalas (Secretary-General)
Gerhard Adrian (President)
1950 (1873)

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