Health disparities in Colombia
A recent study conducted by the London School of Economics revealed that Afro-Colombians are at an extreme disadvantage in terms of being healthy when compared to the rest of the Colombian population. Furthermore, this study showed that many socio-economic factors are involved in this and that contribute to such disparities. For example, the fact that Afro-Colombians are much poorer than the rest of the Colombian population is one of the main reasons that they are in a position of disadvantage when it comes to seeking health care services and being healthy in general. This is supported by their findings that showed that just under 5% of Afro-Colombians have medical insurance, compared to almost 30% of all non-Afro Colombians. Additionally, they found that most Afro-Colombians live in unsanitary conditions that increase exposure to a large variety of diseases as well as a common trend among Afro-Colombian children with bad health. This is often due to uneducated mothers.
Health inequality has negatively affected many minorities in Colombia; particularly those from a very low socioeconomic status such as Afro-Colombians. In comparison with the indigenous populations in Colombia, Afro-Colombians are at a greater disadvantage when it comes to access to health care.
Research from 2003 shows that 53.8% of blacks did not have access to health insurance compared to 37.9% of the indigenous population. Only 10.64% of Afro-Colombians were affiliated to the subsidized regime in comparison with most of the indigenous population. Moreover, 65.8% vs. 74.6% of non-minorities groups characterized their health status as very good and good while 30.7% vs. 22.7% of indigenous and Afro-Colombians described it as fair and 3.5% vs. 2.8% as poor. This reveals the health disparities among minority groups in Colombia in comparison with the rest of the population.
Researchers have found that the adult Afro-Colombian population is less likely to be described as being in good health compared to the rest of the population. They are also more likely to report that they are sick and are dealing with chronic issues. This population is also less likely to obtain treatment if they are sick. Nevertheless, when they do look for medical treatment, they tend to receive it in the same numbers as non-Afro-Colombians. These results are not just explained by disadvantages in socioeconomic status, health insurances, or educational level, but by the discrimination that Afro-Colombians experience in their daily lives. Even when health insurance is given for free, Afro-Colombians are far less likely to be enrolled and this can be explained by structural and internalized discrimination.
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Main article: Raizal
The Raizal ethnic group is an Afro-Caribbean group living in Archipelago of San Andrés, Providencia, and Santa Catalina, speaking the San Andrés-Providencia Creole.
Juan José Nieto Gil, first and only President of the Republic with known Afro-Colombian ancestry.
Luis Antonio Robles Suárez, first Afro-Colombian lawyer and politician.
Joe Arroyo, Salsa singer, songwriter, and composer.
Benkos Biohó, founder of San Basilio de Palenque.
Junior Jein, Afro-Colombian hip-hop artist.
Caterine Ibargüen, athlete
Faustino Asprilla, footballer
Éder Álvarez Balanta, footballer
Jacob Bush (DJ Buxxi), producer/composer/singer from San Andrés.
Vanessa Alexandra Mendoza Bustos, Miss Colombia 2001 winner and fashion model
Piedad Córdoba, politician
ChocQuibTown, Afro-Colombian hip-hop group.
Antonio Cervantes, boxer from San Basilio de Palenque
Juan Cuadrado, footballer
Cristián Zapata, footballer
Raul Cuero, scientist
Kombilesa Mí, Afro-Colombian hip-hop group.
Alfredo Morelos, footballer
Jackson Martínez, footballer
Yerry Mina, footballer
Luis Alberto Moore, police brigadier-general
Luis Gilberto Murillo, politician
Manuel Zapata Olivella, writer
Édgar Rentería, Major League Baseball player
Freddy Rincón, footballer
Elkin Robinson, musician/composer/producer from Providence
Davinson Sánchez, footballer
María Isabel Urrutia, first Olympic gold medal winner for the country
Óscar Figueroa, weightlifter
Carlos Valderrama, footballer
Jealisse Andrea Tovar Velásquez, Miss Colombia 2015 winner and fashion model
Paula Marcela Moreno Zapata, politician
Antumi Toasijé, historian and activist
Candelario Obeso, Afro-Colombian author, journalist, engineer
- Colombia portal
- Afro-American peoples of the Americas
- Afro-Latin Americans
- Mestizo Colombians
- Race and ethnicity in Colombia
- White Colombians
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afro-Colombians José Mina Ocoro Artista Painter
Afro-Colombian Solidarity Network <http://www.afrocolombian.org>AfroColombiany.org Afro-Colombian News in English.
CNN video of Afro-Colombian community
Colombian 2005 Census Television Commercial Orgullosamente Afrocolombiano
The World Bank’s Sector Report “The Gap Matters: poverty and well-being of Afro-Colombians and indigenous peoples” Click here for the report
African-Diasporic Regions of Colombia plus more COLOMBIAFRICA
Documentary 150 years after abolition Libertad En Colombia (Liberty In Colombia)
Colombia contra el racismo
“Law 70: English Translation of Ley 70”
Colombian people of African descent