The African Union (AU) is a continental union consisting of 55 member states located on the continent of Africa. The AU was announced in the Sirte Declaration in Sirte, Libya, on 9 September 1999, calling for the establishment of the African Union. The bloc was founded on 26 May 2001 in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, and launched on 9 July 2002 in Durban, South Africa.
The intention of the AU was to replace the Organisation of African Unity (OAU), established on 25 May 1963 in Addis Ababa by 32 signatory governments; the OAU was disbanded on 9 July 2002. The most important decisions of the AU are made by the Assembly of the African Union, a semi-annual meeting of the heads of state and government of its member states. The AU’s secretariat, the African Union Commission, is based in Addis Ababa. The largest city in the AU is Lagos, Nigeria, while the largest urban agglomeration is Cairo, Egypt.
The African Union has just over 1 billion people and an area of around 29 million km2 (11 million sq mi) and includes popular world landmarks, including the Sahara desert and the Nile river. The primary working languages are Arabic, English, French, and Spanish, with Portuguese and Swahili being developed. Within the African Union, there are official bodies such as the Peace and Security Council and the Pan-African Parliament.
|Motto: “A United and Strong Africa”|
|Anthem: “Let Us All Unite and Celebrate Together“|
|Dark green: member states
Light green: suspended member states (Mali)
|Political centres||· Addis Ababaa
|Largest urban agglomeration||Cairo|
|Working languages||· Arabic
|Membership||55 member states|
|• Chairperson||Cyril Ramaphosa|
|• Commission Chairperson||Moussa Faki|
|• Parliamentary President||Roger Nkodo Dang|
|• OAU Charter||25 May 1963; 57 years ago|
|• Abuja Treaty||3 June 1991|
|• Sirte Declaration||9 September 1999|
|• African Union founded||9 July 2002|
|• Total||29,922,059 km2 (11,552,972 sq mi)|
|• 2020 estimate||1,321,000,000[note 2]|
|GDP (PPP)||2020 estimate|
|• Total||$7.573 trillion[note 3]|
|• Per capita||$5,733|
|GDP (nominal)||2020 estimate|
|• Total||$2.587 trillion[note 4]|
|• Per capita||$1,958|
|· a Seat of the African Union Commission.
· b Seat of the Pan-African Parliament.
· c Proposed.