The Working Group of Experts on People of African Descent was established in 2002 by the Commission on Human Rights resolution2002/68 (as a Special Procedure). The mandate was subsequently renewed by the Commission on Human Rights and the Human Rights Council in its resolutions (CHR 2003/30, 2008/HRC/RES/9/14,2011/HRC/RES/18/28,2014/HRC/RES/27/25 and A/HRC/RES/36/23). In 2008, Human Rights Council resolution 9/14 entrusted the Working Group:
(a) To study the problems of racial discrimination faced by people of African descent living in the diaspora and, to that end, gather all relevant information from Governments, non-governmental organizations and other relevant sources, including through the holding of public meetings with them;
(b) To propose measures to ensure full and effective access to the justice system by people of African descent;
(c) To submit recommendations on the design, implementation and enforcement of effective measures to eliminate racial profiling of people of African descent;
(d) To make proposals on the elimination of racial discrimination against Africans and people of African descent in all parts of the world;
(e) To address all the issues concerning the well-being of Africans and people of African descent contained in the Durban Declaration and Programme of Action;
(f) To elaborate short-, medium- and long-term proposals for the elimination of racial discrimination against people of African descent, bearing in mind the need for close collaboration with international and development institutions and the specialized agencies of the United Nations system to promote the human rights of people of African descent through, inter alia, the following activities:
(i) Improving the human rights situation of people of African descent by devoting special attention to their needs through, inter alia, the preparation of specific programmes of action;
(ii) Designing special projects, in collaboration with people of African descent, to support their initiatives at the community level and to facilitate the exchange of information and technical know-how between these populations and experts in these areas;
(iii) Liaising with financial and developmental institutional and operational programmes and specialized agencies of the United Nations, with a view to contribute to the development programmes intended for people of African descent by allocating additional investments to health systems, education, housing, electricity, drinking water and environmental control measures and promoting equal opportunities in employment, as well as other affirmative or positive measures and strategies within the human rights framework.
In 2017, with resolution 36/23, the Human Rights Council further extended the mandate of the Working Group for three years.
In the fulfilment of its mandate, the Working Group:
Holds two annual sessions
Undertakes Country visits
Responds to information and allegations received concerning its mandate under the Communications procedure
Reports to United Nations Human Rights Council and the General Assembly on activities relating to the mandate
In the case of Baltimore POTUS has given us an opportunity to develop a new Comprehensive Economic Strategy to address the regions poverty called #Baltimores CEDS Coalition as part of a national model started in Hamilton county based on the below proposal to President Obama in 2016 and the document sent to the #WGEPAD earlier this year
In the area of political cooperation, we commit to the following:
- Intergovernmental Cooperation
a) Enhance South-South Cooperation through closer collaboration between the African Union (AU) and all inter-governmental entities in regions in which African Diaspora populations are part of;
b) Leverage the collective efforts of the African Union and all inter-governmental entities in regions in which African Diaspora populations are part of to promote and advance issues of critical importance to Africa and its Diaspora;
c) Encourage AU Member States to establish more formal relations with the Caribbean and Latin American nations and vice versa; and where practicable, the opening of more Missions in the respective regions;
d) Continue to support the role of the AU as the focal point and the coordination hub of all Diaspora initiatives in the Continent. To this end, Diaspora issues should be a standing item on the programmes and agenda of AU Summits, and the AU’s Directorate tasked with Diaspora matters should be strengthened and capacitated in financial and human resource terms;
e) Take necessary measures to promote and create effective synergies between national and continental Diaspora programmes;
f) Create platforms for closer interaction, solidarity and effective collaboration between and amongst governments and civil society of Africa and its Diaspora including continuation ofRegional Consultative Conferences and creation and consolidation of Regional Networks as partners and interlocutors for the implementation of the outcome of the Global Diaspora Summit;
g) Encourage and intensify the participation of the African Diaspora in conflict prevention, management and resolution as well as post-conflict reconstruction and reconciliation and disaster mitigation in Africa and the Diaspora regions;
h) Strengthen the participation of the Diaspora population in the affairs of the African Union so as to enhance its contributions towards the development and integration agenda of the continent;
i) Encourage and support the development of an African Union Diaspora Volunteer programme as a framework for associating the Diaspora directly with the development of the continent
j) Encourage African Union Member States to urgently ratify the Protocol on the Amendments to the Constitutive Act, which, inter alia, invites the African Diaspora, an important part of our continent, to participate in the building of the African Union;
k) Encourage the Diaspora to organize themselves in regional networks and establish appropriate mechanisms that will enable their increasing participation in the affairs of the African Union as observers and eventually, in the future, as a sixth region of the continent that would contribute substantially to the implementation of policies and programmes.
l) Continue to integrate the African Diaspora agenda in its engagement with international partners
m) Encourage AU and CARICOM to create a conducive environment for the African Diaspora to invest, work, and travel on the African continent and the Caribbean;
n) Support efforts by the AU to accelerate the process of issuing the African Union passport, in order to facilitate the development of a transnational and transcontinental identity;
o) Explore the possibility of establishing a Pan-African Secretariat in Dakar, Senegal for the Conference of Intellectuals of Africa and the Diaspora (CIAD) as recommended by CIAD I;
p) Encourage and support the adoption and implementation, in different Diaspora countries, of policies that will facilitate the elimination of racism and the promotion of equality among races.
- Mobilization of Support
q) Encourage the civil society in the Diaspora and in Africa to support, advocate and mobilize resources for the development of Africa and its Diaspora;
r) Express mutual support and solidarity between Africans on the Continent and in the Diaspora in circumstances of violation of human and peoples’ rights;
s) Encourage the full implementation of United Nations General Assembly resolutions on the Permanent Memorial to and remembrance of the victims of slavery and the transatlantic slave trade, express appreciation for contributions made to the Trust Fund in this regard and urge other countries to contribute to the Fund;
t) Campaign for the ratification and full implementation of all relevant instruments that enhance the protection of women, youth, children and other vulnerable groups, in particular, the United Nations Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Racial Discrimination, the United Nations Convention against all Forms of Discrimination Against Women, the United Nations Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of their Families, and the UNESCO Convention for the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions;
u) Encourage the ratification and full implementation of the United Nations Convention on Transnational Organized Crime as a means of stemming trans-border criminality;
v) Encourage Africans in the Diaspora to campaign against the proliferation of small arms and light weapons in Africa especially in countries where they are domiciled and in those that are arms producers;
w) Encourage the contribution of the Diaspora in the strengthening of International partnerships of the African Union;
x) Affirm the Principles of International Law and the Charter of the United Nations that preclude unilateral measures that would create obstacles to trade relations among States, impede the full realization of social and economic development and hinder the well-being of the population in the affected countries;
In the area of economic cooperation, we commit to the following:
- Government Action to Foster Increased Economic Partnership
a) Develop effective regional integration mechanisms that would enhance closer interaction between the African Union and the Diaspora;
b) Take concrete measures that would promote and sustain linkages between AU and the Diaspora in the following priority areas: trade and investment, science and technology, travel and tourism, communication and transportation infrastructure, energy, information and communication technology and cultural industries;
c) Create an environment conducive for the growth and development of Small, Medium and Micro-Enterprise and promote entrepreneurship in Africa and the Diaspora;
- Mobilization of Capital
d) Use financial instruments focusing on investments to facilitate the mobilization of capital that would strengthen links between Africa and the Diaspora;
e) Explore the possibility of creating a Development Fund and/or African Diaspora Investment Fund to address development challenges confronting Africans in the continent and the Diaspora.
- Partnership in Business
f) Enhance partnership between the African and Diaspora private sectors through efforts such as regular meetings of Chambers of Commerce and listing in African Stock Exchanges and vice-versa;
g) Build on Africa’s and the Diaspora’s comparative advantages in culture to translate them into economic gains through collaborative programmes that would facilitate the strategic development and marketing of their cultural goods and services.
- Science and Technology
h) Promote coordination and development of institutions in Africa and the African Diaspora, dedicated to innovation and invention for social and economic development of Africa and the Diaspora;
i) Examine the merit of using the decisions of the Tunis phase of the World Summit on Information Society, particularly the Tunis Commitment and the Tunis Declaration, as well as the Digital Solidarity Fund as a means of creating e-linkages between Africa and the Diaspora.
- Knowledge Transfer and Skills Mobilization
j) Promote the utilization of African and Diaspora expertise on economic development issues at regional and continental levels, and explore the possibility of creating a Diaspora Advisory Board(s);
k) Encourage the use of the International Organisation for Migration (IOM) and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) for Migration for Development in Africa programme to work in concert with the AUCommission to mobilize the skills and resources of the Diaspora to enhance the institutional capacities of national and regional institutions;
l) Promote trade and investment opportunities linked to indigenous knowledge systems, while ensuring that the related intellectual property rights are secured for the benefit of Africa and the Diaspora;
m) Promote the establishment of a comprehensive and all-inclusive database that will match the expertise of African professionals in Africa and its Diaspora to African developmental needs;
n) Adopt and promote the ‘Development Market Place for the African Diaspora Model’ (DMADA) as a framework for innovation and entrepreneurship that would facilitate development.
- Infrastructural Development
o) Support the development of Africa related undersea cable and terrestrial fibre optic connectivity initiatives; and
p) Harmonise regulatory structures related to infrastructure, such as telecommunication and transportation.
- Information Gathering and Dissemination Capacity
q) Develop an overarching communications strategy for disseminating information on Africa Union programmes (including NEPAD) and Diaspora initiatives;
r) Support the development of an updated and reliable census and statistics on employment, unemployment and entrepreneurship in Africa and the Diaspora with special focus on the Youth.
- Climate Change
s) Work closely to advance the international agenda on climate change in international fora given its devastating effects particularly on Africa and the Caribbean.
III. SOCIAL COOPERATION
In the area of social cooperation, we commit to the following:
- Knowledge and Education
a) Design and develop platforms for African and Diaspora educators and scholars to address the developmental agenda of the Continent and the Diaspora. These would include, among others, the establishment of African-centred institutions and programmes and increased collaboration efforts between academic and research institutions in Africa and the Diaspora regions;
b) Ensure the harmonisation and implementation of regional and international protocols protecting indigenous knowledge systems and intellectual property rights;
c) Emphasize the importance of education as a basic condition of achieving human development and the need to promote literacy campaigns.
d) Support the creation of linkages between Diaspora Academic, Research and
Development Institutions and those in Africa;
e) Ensure the participation of Diaspora Experts in the development and implementation of AU-Diaspora initiative.
- Arts and Culture
f) Promote the coordination and funding of cultural exchange programmes between Africa and the Diaspora;
g) Further encourage and disseminate information to all Member States onAfrican-Diaspora projects which are being implemented such as the Museum of Black Civilisations, an African Remembrance Square, the African Renaissance Monument, the Joseph Project and slave route;
h) Support, encourage and promote the celebration of global observance days as symbols of solidarity for the commemoration of the common heritage and vision of Africa and its Diaspora, in order to strengthen Pan-African unity and identity, in particular, Africa Day, African Union Day, Black History Month and Emancipation Day;
- Media and Image Building
i) Coordinate efforts of the existing media and promote new media to re-brand Africa and to counter stereotypes about Africans and people of African descent;
j) Explore possibilities of creating Africa News Network Service to enhance image branding and imaging of Africa;
k) Promote national and continental initiatives that aim to enhance good governance and rule of law, so as to strengthen a positive image of Africa among the African Diaspora and the international community at large.
l) Engage developed countries with a view to creating favourable regulatory mechanisms governing migration; and to address concerns of African immigrants in Diaspora Communities;
- Human and People’s Rights
m) Work for the full implementation of the Plan of Action of the United Nations World Conference Against Racism;
n) Engage developed countries to address the political and socio-economic marginalisation of Diaspora communities in their countries of domicile;
o) Strengthen the implementation of legislation and other measures aimed at eradicating child trafficking, human trafficking, child labour, exploitation of children and women in armed conflicts and other modern forms of slavery;
- Social and Cultural Issues
p) Allocate more resources on social spending programmes such as health, education and housing;
q) Cooperate, in order to make social security institutions more efficient in protecting Africans and members of the Diaspora;
r) Ensure expansion of access to the Internet for social, health, business and development and trade;
s) Coordinate with the African Diaspora regarding the question of the illegally acquired cultural goods that exist outside the African continent, with the aim of speeding their return to their countries of origin in Africa;
t) Ensure the promotion of sports and sports exchange between the AU Member States and the Diaspora;
We adopt the following implementation and follow-up mechanism/strategy:
- Host rotational AU Diaspora Conference in Africa and in the Diaspora to review the implementation of this Programme of Action.
- Involve Regional Economic Communities (RECs) in the implementation of this Programme of Action.
- Request the AU Commission to develop mechanisms to ensure that the experiences of women, youth and vulnerable groups are taken into account in the implementation of this Programme of Action.
- Continue communication efforts to popularize the African Diaspora initiative and promote positive images of Africa that will create a conducive environment for investment opportunities on the continent.
- Take necessary measures to ensure the establishment of an AU-Diaspora Foundation/Trust to support the AU-Diaspora initiative;
- Agree to establish multi-stakeholder working groups comprising the AU, CARICOM and representative from the Diaspora in the following priority areas: Economic Cooperation (including infrastructure, sea and air links, trade and investment, and travel and tourism); Science And Technology (including the establishment of Low Earth Orbit satellite, and research in agriculture, biotechnology, renewable energy technologies, infectious and non-infectious diseases);
- Consider the possibility of setting up a mechanism, such as a Diaspora Consultative Forum that would support closer collaboration between the AU and the Diaspora community;
- Agree to set up a Diaspora Advisory Board, which will address overarching issues of concern to Africa and its Diaspora such as reparations, right to return and follow up to WCAR Plan of Action, amongst others;
- Further agree, in principle that the structures and institutions envisaged in this Declaration are established and operate in a streamlined manner, in order to achieve efficiency and value for all Africans on the Continent and the Diaspora;
- Explore various innovative and practical sources of funding for the DiasporaProgramme, to ensure its sustainability.
We further agree to adopt five legacy projects as a way of giving practical meaning to the Diaspora programme and in order to facilitate the post-Summit implementation programme. These are: a) the production of a Skills Database of African Professionals in the Diaspora; b) the establishment of the African Diaspora Volunteers Corps; c) the African Diaspora Investment Fund; d) a programme on the Development Marketplace for the Diaspora, as a framework for facilitating innovation and entrepreneurship among African and Diaspora; and e) The African Remittances Institute.
Done at Johannesburg, South Africa 25 May 2012
As an advisory group, the functions of the Caribbean and Organisation of American States African Diaspora Affairs (COADA) are:
· Contribute (through advice) to the effective translation of the objectives, principles and policies of the AU into concrete programmes and to evaluate these programmes
· Undertake studies recommended (or deemed necessary) by organs of the AU or the
COADA and submit recommendations accordingly
· Carry out other studies deemed necessary and submit recommendations as appropriate
· Contribute to the popularization, participation, sharing of best practices and expertise
and realization of the vision and objectives of the AU
· Contribute to the promotion of human rights according to the Universal Declaration of
Human Rights, the rule of law, good governance, democratic principles, gender equality and children’s rights
· Promote and support efforts of institutions engaged in review of the future of Africa
and forge Pan-African values to enhance an African society and way of life, based on
the International Organization for Standardization 26000 model
· Foster and consolidate partnership between the AU (through the COADA and allied
NGOs through public education, mobilization and feedback on the activities of the AU
and the needs of the African diaspora
· Assume other functions as referred to it by the AU
COADA operational principles adopted in 2015 that:
- We support the African Union [AU], its constitutive act and the history of the predecessor organization, the Organisation of African Unity [OAU].
- We support the recognition of the African Diaspora globally and legally by the AU.
- We support the UN Universal Declaration of Human Rights and its application to
Africans and their condition worldwide.
- We support the UN Millennium Development Goals for Africa and the economic-
social uplift of Africans on the continent and in the African Diaspora as well work of
the African Union in regards to increasing trade between African Nations and will
incorporate the work of the International Year for People of African Descent  as
it was designated by the UN and Organization of American States.
- We support the strategy and agenda of the Economic, Social and Cultural Council (ECOSOCC) and through organization of African American Civil Society we
support the legacy projects and continuing efforts to strengthen the Global African
Diaspora Initiative of the AU.
- We support Peace, Security and basic human dignity within Africa and around the
globe, with an emphasis on stopping slavery in the AU and the African Diaspora.
- We support the organization of African and peoples of African descent self-interest
and uplift through a committee structure and take responsibility for organizing such in
the United States of America.
- We support the African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) of 2000 and by 2014 the
creation of a new plan between the United States of America and the African Union
that is supportive of the African Diaspora in the US and would be sustainable not
only in Africa but also in the host countries of the African Diaspora.
- We support political empowerment of Africans as individual citizens and in free
associations on cooperation and solidarity in the continent and in Diaspora.
- We support the creation of the African American Diaspora Holding Company& Investment Trust who will start with creating a financial solution in response to the damage caused by Hurricane Sandy through the US Federal Reserve and its banks.
- Promote the truth about the Africans who took the good news about Christ Jesus with the Holy Spirit to Africa thousands of years ago before the Europeans colonized Africa.
- Promote every area of Agricultural
- Promote African Education and Research.
- Promote Caribbean African Chamber of Commerce
- Promote Trade and Investment and friendly relations amongst the Diaspora and their Countries and Africa
- Promote Scientific, technological exchange between the Diaspora and their countries
- Promote educational Scholarships for both Africans Diaspora and Africans in the continent.
- Promote Sports, art, music and culture within the African Diaspora
- Promote African History and Philosophers
- .Promote African Scholars, Engineers, Scientists and Medicine
- Promote African Foods within the Diaspora
- Promote African Clothes within the Diaspora
Advocate visa free travels for both Africans and Africans in Diaspora; encourage African Diaspora into making Investments in Africa;
Explore possibilities of establishing commercial Banks to empower young Africans in business, science and technology.
The organization will achieve its main objectives of sustainable development and poverty reduction in African and African Diaspora States, by encouraging greater integration into the world’s economy.
Partnership is also extended to new actors such as civil society, private sector, trade unions and local authorities. These will be involved in consultations and planning of national development strategies, providing them with access to financial resources and getting involved in the implementation of programmes with AU, UN, CARICOM, OAS, ECOWAS, EU and many others.
Thus in addition, the Caribbean and Organization of African States African Diaspora Affairs’ (COADA) mission is to strengthen Caribbean and OAS African Diaspora employees working anywhere through professional development, career management, and mentoring that will enable retention and growth. The forum also works to strengthen the bonds between Employers and its local African-Caribbean-Latin American communities. The Organisations is made up of highly qualified Diplomats, International Lawyers, Administrators, Historians, Journalists, Civil Right Activists and Educators.
COADA in support of Friends of AU is a Non-Profit Organization that believes that executive action by the President of a $5T USD Quantitative Easing #Black Folks Plan based debt purchasing program using The Daniels IDIQ as a solution for the fundamental injustice, cruelty, brutality, and inhumanity of African slavery.
This solution meets the history of African slavery in the United States of America between 1787 and 1865 and its progenitors, the 13 American colonies between 1619 and 1787, its effects subsequently de jure and de facto of racial and economic discrimination on the descendant Americans of America’s African slavery and address the damage incurred by past and current federal government racism against freed African Slaves in the United States from 1865 to 1867 and African Americans from 1867 to 2014. This will be a stimulus to the American Economy that
(1) Is judicious;
(2) Answers under the control of our Federal Executive Branch the statements set forth in the interagency response set forth by the US State Department to the United Nations Universal Periodic Review of the United States of America in 2015 that said Civil Rights, Ethnic, and Racial Discrimination is the number one human rights problem in the United States of America;
(3) Draws on already established Executive authority and market infrastructure;
(4) Helps the other Americans through indirect associations by creation of supportive ancillary jobs and entrepreneurial opportunities thereby supporting the advancement of the American people as a whole; and
(5) Is just adequate enough to implement real changes that reverse long-standing conditions caused by systemic de jure and de facto racial and economic discrimination, as documented in depth elsewhere and provides a means from 2016 to 2116 to address these issues with a 100 year capital trust.
We ask – based on the Presidents answers to the United Nations Universal Periodic Review of the United States of America in 2015 which said “Civil Rights, Ethnic, and Racial Discrimination” is the number one human rights problem in the United States of America- will the President enter a $5 Trillion Dollar Debt Assets Purchase program in a public private partnership that contains a project labor agreement solution called the Daniels IDIQ which addresses the damage incurred by past and current federal government racism against African Americans?
The African Union invited the African Diaspora to join it in determining the future of the African continent. That future will include becoming the Union of African States or the United States of Africa—that is, the current 55 African countries being organized as one nation of 55 federated states. That invitation was given in 2003, almost 8 years ago. To date, no single organization, or organizations in combination, has been able to accept that definition. Part of the reason for that, in fact a very big part of why that invitation is still unheeded, is the habitual tradition of Black organizations not sticking together and not collectivizing. With approximately 15,000 African oriented organizations and groups within the broad range of the African Diaspora—approximately 300 million people scattered over 90 different countries—the AU has been reluctant to bring any of them in, since those left out would surely complain vociferously.
There were many, many meetings, and just as many resolutions and promises to get something done. They all came to naught, and the invitation just hung there, waiting.
Then, in December, 2011, Ambassador Amina S. Ali, the principal AU representative in the USA, called together a Unity Symposium in Washington, D.C. The discussions there got very serious, but no real decisions were made. Thus, elements of the USA African Diaspora contingent decided to follow-through with that gathering by calling forth a definitive group of diverse organizations to form and establish a North American African Diaspora Unity Council to directly address the AU on behalf of the African descendants in this region, and to provide a roadmap for others on Central America, South America, parts of the Caribbean, Europe, and other parts of the Diaspora to follow suit.
A call was put out publicly, through the Internet, phone, FACEBOOK, etc., for those interested in the AU-African Diaspora engagement to attend a large, decision-making gathering on January 28, 2012 at Howard University. Ten years ago, Howard University had also been the site for the first major African Diaspora meeting, including members of the AU, to discuss methods of involving the African Diaspora in the effort to establish a United States of Africa/Union of African States. That meeting helped in convincing the AU Executive Council to recommend Article 3(q) as an amendment to the AU Constitutive Act.